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                        《西安日报》刊登刘宁研究员学术观点
                        发布时间:2019-12-24         来源:《西安日报》    访问量:4386次  分享到:

                        2019-12-24    《西安日报》   07版 古都文苑

                        “李子柒”文化现象的背后

                        慢美学反思潮袭来

                        2019NIAN,“LIZIQI”CHENGWEIYIGEWENHUAXIANXIANG。CONGZHONGZHI、CAIZHAIDAOZHIZUOCHUANTONGMEISHIHUOCHUANTONGQIWU,TADESHIPINZHONGYOUYUANQUDENONGGENGWENMING,YOUSHIYITIANYUANDEMEIHAO。GUONEIWEIBOCHAO2100WANFENSI,GUOWAIYoutubeSHANGYOU750WANFENSI。ZHUANJIARENWEITAHUOBIANSHIJIEQISHIYOUSHIDAIYUANYIN。RUJINQUANQIUXIANQI“MANMEIXUE”SICHAOFANSIDANGXIA,TASHIPINZHONGDE“MANSHENGHUO”ZHENGHAOQIHE。“WENHUASHUCHU”XIAOGUOYEYOUPAISHESHOUFADEGONGLAO,SUOCAIYONGDESHITINGYUYANMOSHIGENGRONGYIGUOJIHUACHUANBO,ZHEIYEJICHUANTONGWENHUACHUANBODAILAIXINQIFA。

                          视频重建了田园式生活

                        百万三张  LIZIQIBUSHIYIYECHENGMINGDE。ZAIGUONEI,TAWEIBO2100WANFENSI、DOUYINSHANGCHAO3000WANFENSI。ZAIGUOWAISHEJIAOMEITIYoutubeSHANG,TADEYINGXIANGLIYILANZHONGSHANXIAO。LUXUFACHU100DUOGESHIPINYINGDE750WANFENSI,YIGESHIPINBOFANGLIANGZAISIWUBAIWANCI。YOURENNATAYUGUOJIYINGXIANGLIMEITICNNFENSISHULIANGBIJIAO,HOUZHEBITADUO40DUOWANGEGUANZHU,DANSHIPINXINXIGAODA14DUOWANTIAO,DANTIAOBOFANGLIANGWUFAHETADEXIANGTIBINGLUN。

                          李子柒的视频很美好,有人看到了二十四节气、农耕文明、传统文化……因为讲好了“中国故事”,她被央视点赞,并在中国新闻周刊主办的2019“年度影响力人物”荣誉盛典上获得“2019年度文化传播人物”称号。“她用一种田园展示方式,呈现中国农耕生活和审美生活。毕竟,田园生活离大多数人越来越远。”陕西省社科院文学艺术研究所研究员刘宁认为,如今城市人享受信息文明、工业文明带来的生活样态,并有大量农民从乡村来到城市立足。李子柒呈现的这种自给自足的自然生活,其实在农村也不多见了。“这种已远去的生活方式唤起了大部分人的向往和情感需求,毕竟中华民族农耕文明的时间很长,农业生产生活方式曾是民众的主要生活方式。”

                          李子柒的视频中可以看到农业生产生活的全景。做豆腐从种豆子开始、做榫卯结构的竹椅要从砍竹子开始、笔墨纸砚制作一一呈现……外网评价觉得她像个好几百岁的人,无所不能。“视频中对美食原材料的生长过程是非常重要的。”刘宁说这个过程体现出一种时间性,时间加耐心才能熬出好美食。这也和农耕文明静谧、舒缓的节奏相吻合。在视频中重建、再造了田园牧歌式的生活,也符合中国传统审美。

                          “慢美学”让人反思当下

                        百万三张  LIZIQIDESHIPINZHONGTAYONGYUANQINLIQINWEI、WUSUOBUNENG,DANXINGXIANGSHANG“XIANQIPIAOPIAO”。CHUANDICHULAIDEZHIZUOJIAGONGCHUANTONGMEISHI、CHUANTONGSHOUGONGYIDEGUOCHENGGENGSHIQINGHUAYI,ERZHONGZHIDEMANZHANGDENGDAI、ZHIZUODEJIANXINQUEZONGSHIQINGMIAODANXIE。SUIRANYOUWANGYOUZHIYIZHEIBUSHIZHENZHENGDEXIANGCUNSHENGHUO,DANTAZUOPINZHONGCHENGXIANMEIHAO“MANSHENGHUO”DESHIPIN,YESHIXIJUANQUANQIU“MANMEIXUE”DEYIZHONGBIAOXIAN。

                        百万三张  SHANSHIDAXINWENYUCHUANBOXUEYUANJIAOSHOUNIUHONGYINGGAOSUJIZHE,RUJIN“MANMEIXUE”SICHAOZHENGZAIQUANQIUXINGQI。LIRUNUOWEILIUXING“MANDIANSHI”,OUZHOULIUXING“MANSHENGHUO”,ZHONGGUOLIUXINGQI“MANZONGYI”……TASHUO:“ZHEISHIYIGEQUANQIUDEXIANXIANG,SHIYIZHONGFANSI。YINWEIGONGYEHUA、XIANDAIHUAFAZHANDAOJINTIANDAILAILEHENDUOWENTI。SUOYICAIYOULEZHEIZHONGMANWENHUADEMEIXUEFANSI。”WEISHENMESHIJIEGEDIDERENKANLELIZIQIDESHIPINDOUYOUZHIYUDEXIAOGUO?TARENWEIZHEIGEZHIYUGANJIUSHIGENYUANYU“MANMEIXUE”DEFANSICHAOERLAI。LIZIQIDESHIPINRANGDAZHONGZAIYOUYIHUOWUYIDEFANSIZHONGYINFADUI“MANSHENGHUO”DEJITIGONGMINGHEXIANGWANG。TONGSHI“MANMEIXUE”ZHEILIANGNIANDEFAZHAN,KEYIKANDAOGEGUODEXINGTAIHEBIAOXIANXINGSHIBUYIYANG,DANGENJIHEWENHUASICHAOSHIYIZHIDE。LIZIQIBAOHONGDEBEIHOU,YOU“MANMEIXUE”DEWENHUAYUANYINHESHIDAIYUANYIN。

                          刘宁也认为,城市化给中国带来巨大变迁,乡土中国如今正变成一个移动中国。人们生活节奏非常快,高铁、飞机、汽车等现代交通工具的普及,人一生能去几百个地方。信息量巨大、节奏加快,但人们对生命内在体验却在减少。“我们无法体会到古代诗人骑着驴慢慢走,一边看景一边作诗的意境了。”她说远去的农耕文明正变成一种新的文化现象出现。不仅有李子柒视频中的唯美田园,还有袁家村美食、油菜花田变景观等农耕文明的崭新表达。“传统生活方式放在当下背景下去审视,传统才有了更深的意义,能更好地传承。”

                          国际化视听语言“打通”跨国传播

                        百万三张  ZAIKANLIZIQIDEZOUHONG,CHULESHIDAIBEIJING、WENHUASICHAODEYUANYIN,HAIYOUYIGEZHONGDIANSHINEIRONGZHIGAN。LIZIQIDESHIPINMEIYOUYINGWENZIMU,QUEYIRANYINDEWUSHUWAIGUOWANGYOUWEIGUAN,WAIWANGSHANGDELIUYANYOUZANYUMEIZHIYI。“TADEXIAOSHIPINBENLAIJIUSHIFEICHANGHAODEZUOPIN,YONGDESHIGUOJITONGXINGDESHITINGYUYANLAIBIAODA”,NIUHONGYINGRENWEIZHEIYANGDESHIPINBUXUYAOZIMUHEDUOYUDEPANGBAI,WANQUANKAOYINGXIANGJIUNENGWUZHANGAIDEZAIGUONEIWAICHUANBO。

                          SUIRANDOUNENGCONGLIZIQIDESHIPINZHONGGANSHOUDAO“ZHIYU”XIAOGUO,DANGUONEIWAIWANGYOUDUITASHIPINDEGUANZHUDIANBUJINYIZHI。“KENENGWAIGUORENDUIYUSHENGHUOYAOQIU、HUANBAO、YOUJISHIPINDENGSHENGHUOLINIANGENGJIAXIAI。TONGSHIYEHAIYOUYIXIELIEQIDEYANGUANGZAI。”NIUHONGYINGRENWEIZHEIZHONGGUANZHUYUANYINBIJIAODUOYANG,DANSHIPINZHONGCHENGXIANCHUDELIZIQIHENAINAIXIANGYIWEIMINGDEGUSHI,YOUHENGAODEQUANRENLEIRENTONGGAN,NENGDAILAIGONGMING。DAZHONGZAINONGGENGWENMINGDESHIPINZHANSHIZHONG,HAIKANDAOLEGONGTONGDEQINGGAN。

                          “HAIYOUYIGEGUANJIANDIANSHIZUOPINDEMEIXUESHUIPINGFEICHANGGAO,CHENGXIANCHUDEYINGXIANGBENSHENJIUSHIYISHUZUOPIN,SHIQITAWANGHONGDOUYINXIAOSHIPINWUFABINIDE。”NIUHONGYINGSHUOCONGZHUANYEJIAODUKANZHEIXIESHIPIN,NENGGANSHOUDAOQIZHONGJINGTOUDESHIYONG、JINGBIE、GOUTU、JIANJI、JIAOJUDENGJINGXINSHEJI。ZHEIZHONGPAISHEJIDIAORUGUOZUIZAOSHILIZIQIQUELIDEHUA,SHUOMINGTASHIYOUTIANFUDE,ZIRANJIUNENGPAICHUHAOHUAMIAN。

                          “CONGYISHUSHANG、YINGXIANGJISHUSHANGSHIYIGEDANGDAIYINGXIANGXILIE。”NIUHONGYINGRENWEISHIPINCHUANDICHULAIDESHIYIZHONGGUOJIHUADESHITINGYUYAN,ZHEIZHONGSHITINGTIXIDETEDIANSHIBUYONGZIMUHEPANGBAIJIUNENGBAFENGFUDEGUANDIAN、TAIDU、YIQUDOUCHENGXIANCHULAI,HENHAODIBEIBUTONGGUOJIA、MINZUDERENSUOLIJIEJIESHOU。YUANYUSHIPINZAIPAISHEHEJIANJISHI,CHONGFENJIANGUJISHUXING、MEIXUEHESHENGHUOFANGSHIDERONGWEIYITIBIAODA。“ZHEIYANGDESHITINGYUYANTIXI,KUAYUELEWENZIZHANGAI,QUANSHIJIEDERENDOUKANDEDONG。”TARENWEILIZIQIDEGELIHENNANFUZHI,DANSUOCAIYONGDESHIPINPAISHEJISHUSHOUFAZHIDEJIEJIANHETUIGUANG,YOUQIDUIYUCHUANTONGWENHUADEQUANQIUHUACHUANBO,HUIDAILAIHENHAODEQIDI。


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